4 More Things You NEED to Know About Canada’s North

Where Do Canada’s Inuit Live

Most Inuit live in 53 communities spread across the Inuvialuit Settlement Region (Northwest Territories), Nunavut, Nunavik (Northern Quebec), and Nunatsiavut (Northern Labrador). Collectively this vast region is called Inuit Nunangat and it encompasses roughly 35 per cent of Canada’s landmass and 50 per cent of its coastline.

Consensus Government

Most Canadians are used to political parties.  Did you know there are two jurisdictions in Canada with a consensus system of government? Nunavut and the Northwest Territories.  With the consensus model, Members of the Legislative Assembly (MLAs) are elected as independents – there are no political parties.  Following a general election, MLAs gather together to select the Speaker, Premier and Ministers in a secret ballot election, which the public can observe. The Premier and Ministers hold office by maintaining the confidence of the Legislative Assembly.  A motion of non-confidence in a specific Minister, if passed, would result in that Minister leaving cabinet.

According to the Government of Nunavut, the tone of deliberations in their Legislative Assembly is much more civil compared to partisan legislatures. Heckling is very rare.  The Legislative Assembly of Nunavut has held over 400 sitting days since the creation of the territory on April 1, 1999, and no Member has been ejected from the Chamber.

Canada’s Territories also do not have a Lieutenant Governor, rather each has a Commissioner whose role is similar to that of the Lieutenant Governor.

Tuberculosis in Nunavut

Most Canadians would be shocked to know the rate of Tuberculosis in Nunavut is on par with Bangladesh and Somalia. A recent news story stated the incidence of TB amongst infants in Nunavut may be as high as 1,020 cases per 100,000 infants under the age of one.  According to the news article, the rate of TB amongst infants in the rest of Canada is just three infants per 100,000.

Tourism and Performing Arts

It may be surprising that tourism and the performing arts have a major impact on the Nunavut economy.  According to Nunavut Tourism, 16,750 people visited Nunavut in 2015 with an economic impact of $37.9 million.  Indigenous and Northern Affairs has published information indicating that in 2015, there were 161 artists in Nunavut’s performing arts community which generated an economic impact of over $7 million.  Although Nunavut is rich in the Inuit performing arts, it is the only province or territory in Canada without a performing arts and cultural learning centre.  A fundraising campaign is underway to raise funds to build such a centre with a goal to build in the summer of 2019 which will be the twentieth anniversary of Nunavut.

Take a look at our original post here: 4 Things You May Not Know About Nunavut

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Francis Liska
CEO OTUS Group | OTUS Group
Francis is a Chartered Professional Accountant, Certified General Accountant, Certified Information Systems Auditor, Certified Internal Control Auditor and a Certified Management Consultant. He holds a degree in Business Administration from Cape Breton University and a Post Graduate Diploma in Applied Information Technology. He has also completed graduate studies in decision analysis at Carleton University.

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